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The return of the first robin, the opening of the first buds on the trees, the appearance of the first anemone have always posed the question of what role weather and climate play in this annual awakening of life in the spring. It is hardly to be wondered at that the Ancients, Sophocles, Homer, Aristophanes, Columella, Pliny, Virgil, and Aristotle, noted in their writings dates of the return of birds and flowering of plants. It is doubtless true also that primitive man was guided in his hunting, fishing, and other periodical activities by the various evidences of vernal beginnings. But apparently the Greeks were the first to relate seasonal development of agricultural plants to astronomical changes and to set up calendars of plant activity, season, and weather. Caesar is said, by Pliny, to have had such a calendar for the use of Roman farmers.

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Northeastern Forest Experiment Station

Publication date: December 1, 1941

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of Forestry is the most widely circulated scholarly forestry journal in the world. In print since 1902, the Journal has received several national awards for excellence. The mission of the Journal of Forestry is to advance the profession of forestry by keeping forest management professionals informed about significant developments and ideas in the many facets of forestry: economics, education and communication, entomology and pathology, fire, forest ecology, geospatial technologies, history, international forestry, measurements, policy, recreation, silviculture, social sciences, soils and hydrology, urban and community forestry, utilization and engineering, and wildlife management. The Journal is published bimonthly: January, March, May, July, September, and November.
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