Skip to main content

Grading of Lumber

Buy Article:

$29.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)


The grading of lumber starts with the growth of the tree. As the tree develops from a seedling branches are formed, some of which become large and remain in the tree as long as it lives, others die or are broken off and the stub eventually becomes covered by the wood of the tree. During the lifetime of the tree it may go through periods of drought, which affect the wood produced during that period; it may be affected by wind storms producing shakes, which are longitndinal separations of the wood fibers, and it may be attacked by fire. Pitch pockets and other variations of growth may be formed. As a result, the lumber produced from a log will vary from that which is clear and without defect to that having many defects. In addition, certain accidents of manufacture, machine damage, overstressed wood due to rough handling, cracks, broken pieces, etc., also appear in the lumber. All of these things affect the grade of lumber sawed from the tree.

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: National Lumber Manufacturers Association

Publication date: 1938-05-01

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of Forestry is the most widely circulated scholarly forestry journal in the world. In print since 1902, the Journal has received several national awards for excellence. The mission of the Journal of Forestry is to advance the profession of forestry by keeping forest management professionals informed about significant developments and ideas in the many facets of forestry: economics, education and communication, entomology and pathology, fire, forest ecology, geospatial technologies, history, international forestry, measurements, policy, recreation, silviculture, social sciences, soils and hydrology, urban and community forestry, utilization and engineering, and wildlife management. The Journal is published bimonthly: January, March, May, July, September, and November.

    2015 Impact Factor: 1.476
    Ranking: 22 of 66 in forestry

    Also published by SAF:
    Forest Science
    Other SAF Publications
  • Submit a Paper
  • Membership Information
  • Author Guidelines
  • Podcasts
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free ContentFree content
  • Partial Free ContentPartial Free content
  • New ContentNew content
  • Open Access ContentOpen access content
  • Partial Open Access ContentPartial Open access content
  • Subscribed ContentSubscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed ContentPartial Subscribed content
  • Free Trial ContentFree trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more