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The Relation of Jack Rabbits to Grazing in Southern Arizona

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Abstract:

Jack rabbits feed on valuable range vegetation. A preference was found for areas on which livestock grazing had reduced the vegetative stand, provided a moderate forage supply was still available. Similarly, a much greater insect population has been found on overgrazed than on lightly grazed range in Oklahoma. Earlier investigators have traced relationships between vegetative depletion by livestock and a multiplication of grasshoppers and white grubs, and have noted increases of certain small mammals following the disturbance of the native prairies of the Middle West. The results of altered character of plant cover are expressed in terms not only of plant succession but also of animal succession; the associative complex is not merely botanical but is also zoological and therefore inclusively biological; Increases of insects and certain vegetation-consuming mammals may be an effect of vegetative depletion rather than primarily a cause, or may be both an effect and in turn a cause; and maintaining in the right balance range use and range vegetation may be a problem into which should be integrated the control of animal life through the kind and amount of vegetation. For foresters, already accustomed to think of the forest as a biological complex comprising the animal as well as the plant life of the area, new vistas are brought into view by this highly suggestive paper relating to the range.

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Southwestern Forest and Range Exp. Sta., Tucson, Ariz.

Publication date: May 1, 1935

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of Forestry is the most widely circulated scholarly forestry journal in the world. In print since 1902, the Journal has received several national awards for excellence. The mission of the Journal of Forestry is to advance the profession of forestry by keeping forest management professionals informed about significant developments and ideas in the many facets of forestry: economics, education and communication, entomology and pathology, fire, forest ecology, geospatial technologies, history, international forestry, measurements, policy, recreation, silviculture, social sciences, soils and hydrology, urban and community forestry, utilization and engineering, and wildlife management. The Journal is published bimonthly: January, March, May, July, September, and November.

    2015 Impact Factor: 1.476
    Ranking: 22 of 66 in forestry

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