Close spacing in pure plantations of conifers is harmful to the soil as well as wasteful of stock and labor. Wider spacing and the planting of only the crop trees permits hardwood coppice and brush to fill intervening spaces and to act as soil improvers, but it requires more intensive management. Its benefits are more pronounced on the poorer sites.
Document Type: Journal Article
Forest Supervisor, Massachusetts Department of Conservation
Publication date: January 1, 1931
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