Allometry Varies among 6-Year-Old Pinus taeda (L.) Clones in the Virginia Piedmont

$29.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:


Clonal forestry is becoming a reality in the southeastern United States owing to recent improvements in somatic embryogenesis for Pinus taeda (L.). Differences in aboveground and belowground carbon allocation between individual genotypes could have significant implications for productivity and carbon sequestration and cycling in clonal plantations. We assessed biomass partitioning, allometry, coarse root morphology, and crown size of 10 P. taeda clones at age 6 in the Virginia Piedmont in control and operationally fertilized plots. Clonal effects were observed for biomass partitioning to foliar, branch, stem, taproot, and lateral root fractions; allometric relationships including root/shoot, stem/foliage, branch/foliage, and stem/taproot ratios; root morphology; and crown size. Clonal differences in biomass partitioning were the result of both differences in allometry and differences in growth rates. Growth efficiency (stem/foliage ratio) showed a twofold difference among the two most disparate clones even after standardizing for different growth rates. Clone-by-fertilizer interactions were observed for total, aboveground, and belowground biomass and for root depth sampled up to 1 m. Differences in partitioning and allometry were not clearly tied to tree or stem growth rates, indicating that there may be opportunities to select and deploy clones with rapid stem volume growth rates that have biomass partitioning patterns tailored to various precision-silviculture applications.

Keywords: biomass partitioning; carbon allocation; intensive silviculture; root/shoot ratio; varietal forestry

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: February 23, 2013

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
  • Membership Information
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
Related content



Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more