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Individual Tree-Based Diameter Growth Model of Slash Pine in Florida Using Nonlinear Mixed Modeling

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Field trials have been installed in the southeast United States in an effort to better understand the best harvesting techniques for the conversion of even-aged stands into uneven-aged stands. Another approach is to use simulation modeling of forest growth and harvest, which provides projected estimates on the best techniques. The objective of this study was to develop a spatially explicit diameter growth model that can be used in a forest growth simulator for testing different harvest regimes for stand conversion of slash pine (Pinus elliottii Engelm.). We fit various linear and nonlinear models of growth and select the best model based on several fit statistics. The best model was further improved by including a random effect in a nonlinear mixed modeling approach. Predictions from models were validated using a leave-one-out cross-validation approach. Our best model did not include stand density measures such as total basal area per ha, and after a random effect was included in the model, the term explaining the stand-level effect of site index was insignificant. The final model included effects for initial height, diameter, and the modified Hegyi index for diameter. This model will be useful for simulating the dynamics of an uneven-aged stand.

Keywords: Pinus elliottii; mixed effects model; simulation modeling; spatially explicit model; uneven-aged management

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: February 9, 2013

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
    Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

    2015 Impact Factor: 1.702
    Ranking: 16 of 66 in forestry

    Also published by SAF:
    Journal of Forestry
    Other SAF Publications
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