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Minimum-Inbreeding Seed Orchard Design

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The industrial concept of “quadratic assignment problem” (QAP) was used to develop a new seed orchard design that minimizes the level of inbreeding (minimum inbreeding [MI]) in an orchard's seed crop through the optimum allocation of clones within the orchard's grid. Spatial distribution of individual trees was done in proportion to their degree of genetic relatedness. The MI orchard design accommodates a variable number of unrelated or related clones with equal or variable sizes, and it is not restricted by the orchard's spatial configuration (shape or size). The proposed design is suitable for advanced generation populations that commonly harbor complicated pedigree relationships. The MI design was compared with the commonly used permutated neighborhood design and the completely randomized scheme, resulting in aggregate inbreeding distances of 6.82, 12.53, and 22.56, respectively, highlighting the effectiveness of the proposed design.

Keywords: quadratic assignment problem; seed orchard design; selfing and mating among relatives

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 2010

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  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
    Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

    2015 Impact Factor: 1.702
    Ranking: 16 of 66 in forestry

    Also published by SAF:
    Journal of Forestry
    Other SAF Publications
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