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Ponderosa Pine Characteristics Associated with Attack by the Roundheaded Pine Beetle

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The roundheaded pine beetle (Dendroctonus adjunctus Blandford [Coleoptera: Curculionidae, Scolytinae]) is an aggressive (tree-killing) bark beetle species that attacks several species of pine. Characteristics of ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa Dougl. ex Laws.) trees chosen for attack by this beetle were studied in a current outbreak in northern Arizona. We found significant differences in basal area increment, crown width, lengths of internodes, subbranches, and needles, phloem thickness, and resin composition between attacked and unattacked trees. Attacked trees had significantly lower basal area increment and internode and needle lengths but longer subbranch lengths at the top of the crown and longer crown widths. Attacked trees also had thicker phloem and contained a significantly higher percentage of α-pinene in resin, but a lower percentage of longifolene than unattacked trees. A baited tree experiment showed that attacks by the roundheaded pine beetle did not affect resin composition through time. Overall, our results suggest that host selection by the roundheaded pine beetle may not be random and that tree growth characteristics and resin composition are probably important factors in host selection.

Keywords: Dendroctonus adjunctus; Pinus ponderosa; bark beetles; host selection

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: October 1, 2010

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  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
    Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

    2015 Impact Factor: 1.702
    Ranking: 16 of 66 in forestry

    Also published by SAF:
    Journal of Forestry
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