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Adjacency Branches Used To Optimize Forest Harvesting Subject to Area Restrictions on Clearfell

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Abstract:

Consider a forest containing units of various sizes for which a maximum clearfell area has been specified along with an associated green-up time period. For such an application it is customary to use adjacency constraints to produce a harvesting plan. These constraints control the availability for harvest of specific units relative to the harvesting of certain adjacent units. However, such constraints are difficult to formulate and often precipitate major difficulties in the implementation of the solution algorithm. A new concept, a nuclear set, is introduced. This concept allows the unit-specific aspects of the problem to be analyzed in an insightful manner. Any adjacency violation can be detected in relation to these nuclear sets. Suitable adjacency branches can be implemented to remove these violations. The form of these branches derives from the same nuclear sets. A remarkably small number of these branches are required to obtain a feasible solution. These ideas are incorporated into a column generation and constraint generation model. This new forest harvesting model solves the clearfell area restriction problem in an exact sense. Results are included for numerical trials involving simulated data representing moderately sized applications with a planning horizon of up to one rotation. The output from these trials suggests that this algorithm is suitable for large commercial applications. Several applications of 1,600 units are solved over 25 time periods with multiple green-up.

Keywords: adjacency constraints; area restriction model; column generation; linear programming; optimization

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2008-08-01

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
    Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

    2015 Impact Factor: 1.702
    Ranking: 16 of 66 in forestry

    Also published by SAF:
    Journal of Forestry
    Other SAF Publications
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