Skip to main content

Spatial Pattern of Coast Redwood in Three Alluvial Flat Old-Growth Forests in Northern California

Buy Article:

$29.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)


The spatial patterns of trees were investigated in old-growth redwood (Sequoia sempervirens [D. Don] Endl.) forests located in northern California to guide the design of restoration prescriptions. All stems ≥15 cm dbh were mapped and measured on three 1.5-ha plots. Patterns for trees in different size classes were analyzed separately with Ripley's K(d) function. Results revealed two patterns. At two sites, trees were randomly distributed throughout the stand and size classes were spatially independent of each other at scales of 0–50 m. At one site, a clumped spatial pattern was revealed for small- and medium-sized tree groups at small scales, whereas a random spatial pattern was detected for large trees at scales of 0–50 m. In addition, significant positive deviation from spatial independence at small scales suggested an attraction between tree groups. The spatial pattern of regeneration (trees <15 cm dbh) was described using quadrat-based analyses. Regeneration was clumped at all three sites. Results indicate that old-growth redwood forests occurring on alluvial flats have different spatial patterns for similar size classes of trees despite the similarities in topography and stand structural characteristics. For land managers interested in restoration, these results suggest that past thinning guides that emphasized uniform spacing may not be appropriate in restoration efforts. Instead, trees should be retained in clumps or in random spatial patterns.

Keywords: Ripley's K(d) function; Sequoia sempervirens; old-growth forests; restoration; spatial point patterns

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2008-06-01

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
    Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

    2015 Impact Factor: 1.702
    Ranking: 16 of 66 in forestry

    Also published by SAF:
    Journal of Forestry
    Other SAF Publications
  • Submit a Paper
  • Membership Information
  • Author Guidelines
  • Podcasts
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free ContentFree content
  • Partial Free ContentPartial Free content
  • New ContentNew content
  • Open Access ContentOpen access content
  • Partial Open Access ContentPartial Open access content
  • Subscribed ContentSubscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed ContentPartial Subscribed content
  • Free Trial ContentFree trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more