Skip to main content

Effect of Centrifugal Forces on Cluster Patterns in the Softwood Lumber Industry of the United States

Buy Article:

$29.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)


Although previous reports have identified clustering in the secondary wood products industry, there are no previous studies on the factors influencing spatial patterns in the primary wood products sector. This study explores the perceptions of members of the softwood lumber industry in the United States concerning factors driving location and promoting cluster patterns in this particular industry. The analysis builds on the core-periphery framework of New Economic Geography to identify centrifugal and centripetal forces and determines the most salient advantages and disadvantages derived from industry clustering. The most essential location factors are linked to the availability of raw materials and skilled labor. The results of the factor analysis, reinforced by bootstrapping estimation, suggest that centrifugal forces outweigh centripetal forces. Greater dispersive effects of centrifugal forces result in a peripheral primary wood products industry pattern. Clustering of softwood sawmills is perceived as detrimental to this industry segment because it results in higher costs of inputs, congestion, and undesired competition. However, geographical coincidence between primary and secondary wood product manufacturers that fosters collaboration can result in an enhanced competitive industry structure.

Keywords: bootstrapping; clusters; factor analysis; softwood lumber industry

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 2008

More about this publication?
  • Membership Information
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more