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Calcium Uptake, Partitioning, and Sinuous Growth in Douglas-Fir Seedlings

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Abstract:

Sinuosity is a growth deformation affecting Douglas-fir [Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco] and other conifers. Ca, an essential nutrient in tree growth and cell development, may be deficient in these stands and could be causing sinuous growth. An experiment was conducted to test whether low Ca availability causes sinuous growth in Douglas-fir seedlings. Douglas-fir 1 + 1 seedlings were grown in a greenhouse with high to low Ca availability. After 6 months of growth, the seedlings were measured for sinuosity and separated into new-needles, new-stem, old-needles, old-stem, and roots. High Ca fertilized seedlings had greater new-needle biomass and growth than low Ca fertilized seedlings. High Ca availability also led to higher Ca concentration and content, including higher foliar membrane-associated Ca, Ca-pectate, and Ca-oxalate than low Ca seedlings. Low Ca availability had no significant effect on sinuosity. Although high Ca availability did not alleviate sinuous growth in Douglas-fir seedlings, it did lead to higher growth, foliar biomass, and membrane-associated Ca.

Keywords: 1 + 1 seedlings; Douglas-fir; calcium; greenhouse; sinuosity

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2007-12-01

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
    Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

    2015 Impact Factor: 1.702
    Ranking: 16 of 66 in forestry

    Average time from submission to first decision: 62.5 days*
    June 1, 2016 to Feb. 28, 2017

    Also published by SAF:
    Journal of Forestry
    Other SAF Publications
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