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Transpiration and Canopy Stomatal Conductance of 5-Year-Old Loblolly Pine in Response to Intensive Management

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Abstract:

The influence of weed control only (W) versus weed control plus irrigation (WI) and weed control plus irrigation and fertigation (WIF) on canopy stomatal conductance (G S) and transpiration expressed on a ground (E) and leaf area (E L) basis was examined over 1 year in 5-year-old loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) to determine whether increased leaf area index (L) in response to intensive silviculture resulted in regulation of G S, whole-tree hydraulic conductance per unit sapwood area (G), or the ratio of transpiring leaf area to conducting sapwood area (A L:A S) to minimize the gradient in water potential from soil to leaf (ΔΨ). Values of E were as high as 3.9 mm d−1 and increased from a total of 357 mm in the W treatment to 529 and 565 mm in the WI and WIF treatments, respectively. Values of E L did not vary with treatment and were, on average, 0.8 mm d−1 in summer and 0.4 mm d−1 in winter. Increasing management intensity increased L by as much as 76% and sapwood area up to 68%, but had no influence on ΔΨ, G, G S, or leaf specific hydraulic conductance. High L values realized by intensive management resulted in regulation of A L:A S to maintain ΔΨ with increasing canopy development.

Keywords: Hydraulic conductance; fertilization; irrigation; leaf area to sapwood area ratio; sap flow

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2006-06-01

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
    Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

    2015 Impact Factor: 1.702
    Ranking: 16 of 66 in forestry

    Average time from submission to first decision: 62.5 days*
    June 1, 2016 to Feb. 28, 2017

    Also published by SAF:
    Journal of Forestry
    Other SAF Publications
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