@article {Rose:2006-01-01T00:00:00:0015-749X:31,
author = "Rose, Charles E. and Hall, Daniel B. and Shiver, Barry D. and Clutter, Michael L. and Borders, Bruce",
title = "A Multilevel Approach to Individual Tree Survival Prediction",
journal = "Forest Science",
volume = "52",
number = "1",
year = "2006-01-01T00:00:00",
abstract = "Traditionally, modeling of permanent plot individual tree survival has not considered the multiple sources of heterogeneity and correlation that may arise due to the multilevel data structure inherent in the design (e.g., clustering of trees within a plot). Permanent plots are sampled periodically; therefore, data are interval-censored because it is only known that a tree died between two successive measurement occasions. Here, we adopt the complementary log–log (CLL) function for modeling permanent plot interval-censored individual tree survival data. The CLL function is derived directly from the likelihood function of a fully specified statistical model that accounts for interval censoring. In addition, our CLL model considers silvicultural treatment effects on survival. Our data are from young permanent plot loblolly pine plantations that have been measured annually beginning at age 1 year. Each plot was randomly assigned one of four cultural treatments:control (C), herbicide (H), fertilization (F), and herbicide and fertilization (HF). Here we extend the individual tree survival CLL model to allow for trees within a plot and plot level random effects. We demonstrate individual tree survival predictions with and without the inclusion of random effects.",
pages = "31-43",
url = "http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/saf/fs/2006/00000052/00000001/art00004",
keyword = "Hazard function, random effects, interval-censored, proportional hazards, complementary log-log function"
}