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Screening European Elms for Resistance to Ophiostoma novo-ulmi

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Resistance breeding of the native elms against Dutch elm disease, caused by the fungus Ophiostoma novo-ulmi Brasier, is a major objective in Europe for the conservation of this tree species. More than 2,500 cuttings of 324 elm clones (Ulmus minor Miller, U. glabra Huds., U. laevis Pall., U. pumila L., U. minor x U. glabra, and U. minor x U. pumila) from eight European countries, planted in several randomized two-block designed plots were inoculated with various O. novo-ulmi strains. Crown wilting and dieback were recorded during the first year after inoculation. The wilting of the control trees varied among the plots, making the results difficult to compare, but analysis of variance (ANOVA) within each plot showed significant differences in disease severity among the clones tested, allowing study of the variation of the response among elm taxa. Results showed that 19 European inoculated clones recovered from O. novo-ulmi attack, giving hope for the reestablishment of native elms in countryside hedges and forests. FOR. SCI. 51(2):134–141.
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Keywords: Ophiostoma ulmi; Ulmus; environmental management; forest; forest management; forest resources; forestry; forestry research; forestry science; natural resource management; natural resources; plant breeding

Document Type: Regular Article

Affiliations: 1: Departamento de Biología y Producción de los Vegetales, Ingeniería Técnica Forestal Universidad de Extremadura Avenida Virgen del Puerto 2 Plasencia Spain 10600, Email: [email protected] 2: Hessen-Forst, Forsteinrichtung, Information, Versuchswesen Prof.-Oelkers-Strasse 6, 34346 Hann. Münden Germany, Email: [email protected] 3: Cemagref, UR Ressources Génétiques, Domaine des Barres 45290 Nogent-sur-Vernisson France, Email: [email protected] 4: National Agricultural Research Foundation Forest Research Institute 570 06 Vassilika-Thessaloniki Greece, Email: [email protected] 5: Forstliche Versuchs- und Forschungsanstalt Postfach 708, Baden-Württemberg Freiburg Germany D-79007, Email: [email protected] 6: Unidad de Anatomía, Fisiología y Genética Forestal, ETSI de Montes Universidad Politécnica de Madrid Paseo de las Moreras s/n Madrid Spain 28040, Email: [email protected] 7: Unidad de Anatomía, Fisiología y Genética Forestal, ETSI de Montes Universidad Politécnica de Madrid Paseo de las Moreras s/n Madrid Spain 28040 8: Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche Istituto per la Protezione delle Pianta Via Madonna del Piano snc 50019 Sesto Fiorentino (FI) Italy, Email: [email protected] 9: Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche Istituto per la Protezione delle Pianta Via Madonna del Piano snc 50019 Sesto Fiorentino (FI) Italy 10: Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Recherches Forestières Champenoux France 54280, Email: [email protected] 11: Institute for Forestry and Game Management Research Institute of the Flemish Community Gaverstraat 4 Geraardsbergen Belgium 9500, Email: [email protected]

Publication date: 2005-04-01

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    Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
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