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Genotype by Environment Interactions in an Australia-Wide Radiata Pine Diallel Mating Experiment: Implications for Regionalized Breeding

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Genotype by site interactions were studied in an Australia-wide diallel experiment covering 10 testing sites for stem dbh, stem straightness, branch angle and size, and number of branch clusters on the stem at age 10.5 to 11.5 years. The size and practical importance of genotype by site interactions were examined by four approaches: (1) the ratio of interaction variance to general combining ability (GCA) variance; (2) additive genetic correlations among sites; (3) testing whether the interaction was a result of a few families reacting more than others; and (4) by the size of genetic gains through a proposed regionalization. The genotype by site interaction for dbh observed in this experiment was larger than reported earlier for radiata pine because two high-elevation sites were included. There were more interactions between the two high-elevation sites and other lower elevation sites than interactions between lower elevation sites. The large genotype by region interaction was attributed to the extensive snow loading at the two higher elevation sites. Gain predictions from five regionalization schemes in this experiment favor regionalization of radiata pine breeding into two main regions: higher elevation and lower elevation sites. FOR. SCI. 51(1):29–40.

Keywords: General combining ability; additive genetic variance; breeding population; environmental management; forest; forest management; forest resources; forestry; forestry research; forestry science; genotype by environment interaction; natural resource management; natural resources; radiata pine

Document Type: Regular Article

Affiliations: CSIRO Forestry and Forest Products PO Box E4008 Australia Capital Territory 2604 Kingston Australia Phone: +61 2 6281 8330;, Fax: +61 2 6281 8312, Email:

Publication date: 2005-02-01

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
    Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

    2015 Impact Factor: 1.702
    Ranking: 16 of 66 in forestry

    Also published by SAF:
    Journal of Forestry
    Other SAF Publications
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