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Stand Productivity and Development in Two Mixed-Species Spacing Trials in the Central Oregon Cascades

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Two mixed-species spacing trials were established in central Oregon to test the effects of species composition and initial spacing on stand growth, yield, and structural development. One trial was composed of Pinus contorta Dougl. ex Loud. and Pinus ponderosa Dougl. ex Laws. and the other Abies grandis (Dougl. ex D. Don) Lindl. and P. ponderosa. Spacing, species composition, and age all had large influences on standing volume and periodic annual growth. In both studies, standing volume and periodic annual increment decreased with increasing spacing. In mixed plots, the least shade tolerant species had the fastest early growth rates, while the more shade tolerant species had the slowest. Over time, initial differences in volume growth rates among plots of different species composition decreased. Relative yields in mixtures of P. contorta and P. ponderosa indicated no yield benefits. Mixtures of A. grandis and P. ponderosa, however, resulted in relative yield totals greater than one at all spacings. Spacing and species composition play an important role in stand production and development, and mixtures can yield similar if not more volume than pure stands of the higher yielding species at some spacings and stages of stand development. FOR. SCI. 50(1):92–105.

Keywords: Abies grandis; P. ponderosa; Pinus contorta; environmental management; forest; forest management; forest resources; forestry; forestry research; forestry science; natural resource management; natural resources; relative yield; stand dynamics

Document Type: Regular Article

Affiliations: 1: Research Forester Department of Forest Science Oregon State University Corvallis OR 97331 Phone: 541-737-4457;, Fax: 541-737-1393, Email: 2: Hayes Professor of Silviculture Department of Forest Science Oregon State University Corvallis OR 97331 Phone: 541-737-4215, Email:

Publication date: 2004-02-01

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
    Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

    2015 Impact Factor: 1.702
    Ranking: 16 of 66 in forestry

    Average time from submission to first decision: 62.5 days*
    June 1, 2016 to Feb. 28, 2017

    Also published by SAF:
    Journal of Forestry
    Other SAF Publications
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