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Efficiency of Seedlings and Rooted Cuttings for Testing and Selection in Pinus taeda

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Predicted genetic gains of polymix, cloned polymix, full-sib and cloned full-sib testing and selection options for a breeding population were estimated for Pinus taeda L. Heritabilities for volume from the clonal testing were considerably greater than the heritabilities from the seedling testing. Cloned options had higher expected genetic gains than seedling options, even after adjusting for their longer breeding cycles and higher cost of testing. This was mainly due to higher genetic gains from within-family selection of the cloned testing options. Adjusted genetic gain from within-family selection of polymix and cloned polymix were 0.27 and 0.36% per year, respectively. Increasing the number of ramets per clone did not increase the genetic gain, but gain was sensitive to the clone selection ratio within families. When the number of trees tested per family was fixed at 90 trees, all clone/ramet combinations gave greater within-family gains than the seedling option. A complementary breeding strategy consisting of polymix breeding for estimation of general combining ability and clonal selection from clonally replicated full-sib families appears to be more efficient for loblolly pine improvement than the currently used seedling-based testing system. For. Sci. 50(1):44–53.

Keywords: Pinus taeda; breeding strategies; clonal testing; environmental management; forest; forest management; forest resources; forestry; forestry research; forestry science; genetic gain; heritability; natural resource management; natural resources

Document Type: Regular Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Forestry North Carolina State University Campus Box 8002 Raleigh NC 27695 Phone: 919-515-5029;, Fax: 919-515-3169, Email: 2: Department of Forestry North Carolina State University Campus Box 8002 Raleigh NC 27695 bailian_, Email: 3: Department of Forestry North Carolina State University Campus Box 8002 Raleigh NC 27695 john_, Email: 4: Department of Forestry North Carolina State University Campus Box 8002 Raleigh NC 27695 barry_, Email:

Publication date: February 1, 2004

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
    Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

    2015 Impact Factor: 1.702
    Ranking: 16 of 66 in forestry

    Also published by SAF:
    Journal of Forestry
    Other SAF Publications
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