Skip to main content

Poverty and Employment in Forest-Dependent Counties

Buy Article:

$29.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)


One of the most controversial aspects of federal and state policies aimed at protecting old-growth ecosystems is the potential effect of job losses on local economic conditions. A fundamental question for historically forest-dependent areas is whether these policies will result in local economic stagnation and enduring pockets of poverty. This study uses monthly, multicounty time series data to estimate a vector autoregressive model of the experience of northern California counties during the 1980s and 1990s. It examines the long-run impact of changes in timber-related employment on other employment and participation in major federal poverty programs. It finds that employment base-multiplier effects of timber employment on other county employment are small and state economic conditions rather than local employment conditions are the principal driver behind local poverty. FOR. SCI. 49(5):763–777.

Keywords: Forest policy; environmental management; forest; forest management; forest resources; forestry; forestry research; forestry science; natural resource management; natural resources; old-growth; vector autoregressive analysis

Document Type: Miscellaneous

Affiliations: 1: Professor Giannini Foundation of Agricultural Economics, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, 94720-3310, Phone: 510-642-7238; Fax: 510-643-8911 2: Assistant Professor Bren School of Environmental Science and Management, University of California, Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, Calif., 93106, Phone: (805) 893-5802 3: Rudy Grah Professor of Forestry and Sustainable Development Department of Environmental Sciences, Policy and Management, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, 94720, (510) 642-7018 4: Fellow Resources for the Future, 1616 P St. NW, Washington, DC, 20036, Phone: 202-328-5022

Publication date: October 1, 2003

More about this publication?
  • Membership Information
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more