Skip to main content

The Effects of Legal Limits and Recommendations on Timber Production: The Case of Finland

Buy Article:

$29.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)


One form of legislative regulation on private forestry does not allow a stand to be clearcut until it exceeds a certain average diameter or age. This study examines whether this type of regulation used in Finland, for example, constrains the optimal timber harvesting of various site types of Norway spruce and Scots pine cultures. Applying a Faustmann type of rotation model, well-established growth and yield data and economic time series, we find that the regulations constrain the optimal solution if the rate of interest exceeds 3% or 5% for Scots pine and Norway spruce stands, respectively. They turn out to be more binding, the lower the growth capacity of the stand. Especially for mature stands, the regulations may cause major economic losses. The regulations increase long-term sawlog production but decrease pulpwood production in comparison to the unconstrained optimum. Moreover, the regulations change the structure and reduce the level of costs, and may then reduce working opportunities in forestry. FOR. SCI. 47(4):443–454.

Keywords: Optimal rotation model; conifer cultures; environmental management; forest; forest legislation; forest management; forest resources; forestry; forestry research; forestry science; long-term timber supply; natural resource management; natural resources

Document Type: Miscellaneous

Affiliations: 1: Finnish Forest Research Institute, Unioninkatu 40A, Helsinki, Finland, FIN-00170, Phone: +358 9 857051; Fax: +358 9 85705717 2: Finnish Forest Research Institute, Unioninkatu 40A, Helsinki, Finland, FIN-00170,

Publication date: 2001-11-01

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
    Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

    2015 Impact Factor: 1.702
    Ranking: 16 of 66 in forestry

    Average time from submission to first decision: 62.5 days*
    June 1, 2016 to Feb. 28, 2017

    Also published by SAF:
    Journal of Forestry
    Other SAF Publications
  • Submit a Paper
  • Membership Information
  • Author Guidelines
  • Podcasts
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more