The Effects of Legal Limits and Recommendations on Timber Production: The Case of Finland
Abstract:One form of legislative regulation on private forestry does not allow a stand to be clearcut until it exceeds a certain average diameter or age. This study examines whether this type of regulation used in Finland, for example, constrains the optimal timber harvesting of various site types of Norway spruce and Scots pine cultures. Applying a Faustmann type of rotation model, well-established growth and yield data and economic time series, we find that the regulations constrain the optimal solution if the rate of interest exceeds 3% or 5% for Scots pine and Norway spruce stands, respectively. They turn out to be more binding, the lower the growth capacity of the stand. Especially for mature stands, the regulations may cause major economic losses. The regulations increase long-term sawlog production but decrease pulpwood production in comparison to the unconstrained optimum. Moreover, the regulations change the structure and reduce the level of costs, and may then reduce working opportunities in forestry. FOR. SCI. 47(4):443–454.
Keywords: Optimal rotation model; conifer cultures; environmental management; forest; forest legislation; forest management; forest resources; forestry; forestry research; forestry science; long-term timber supply; natural resource management; natural resources
Document Type: Miscellaneous
Affiliations: 1: Finnish Forest Research Institute, Unioninkatu 40A, Helsinki, Finland, FIN-00170, Phone: +358 9 857051; Fax: +358 9 85705717 email@example.com 2: Finnish Forest Research Institute, Unioninkatu 40A, Helsinki, Finland, FIN-00170, firstname.lastname@example.org
Publication date: 2001-11-01
- Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
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