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Severe Drought Effects on Mediterranean Woody Flora in Spain

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The severe drought in 1994 damaged the woody flora of central and southern Spain (80% of the 190 studied sites presented drought-damaged species). In 1996, after a wet year, 67% of the sites were still affected. Different degrees of damage and recovery were found among different functional types (trees or shrubs), and genera of different evolutionary history (Mediterranean or pre-Mediterranean). The Mediterranean genera, mostly shrubs evolved under Mediterranean climate conditions, i.e., later than 3.2 M years ago in the Pliocene, were more damaged by the drought than the earlier evolved pre-Mediterranean genera, mostly trees. However, the Mediterranean genera were more resilient and recovered much better after the following wet year. FOR. SCI. 47(2):214–218.
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Keywords: Drought; Mediterranean vegetation; environmental management; evolutionary history; forest; forest management; forest resources; forestry; forestry research; forestry science; functional types; global change; natural resource management; natural resources

Document Type: Miscellaneous

Affiliations: 1: CSIC-CREAF (Center for Ecological Research and Forestry Application), Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193, Bellaterra Spain, Phone: 34 93 5812199 (1312); Fax: 34 93 5811312 [email protected] 2: CREAF, Facultat Ciencies, Universitat Autonoma Barcelona, 08193, Bellaterra Barcelona, Spain, Phone: 34 93 5812700; Fax: 34 93 5811312 [email protected] 3: Servicio de Protección de Montes contra Agentes Nocivos DGCONA, Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, Gran Vía de San Francisco 4, 28005, Madrid, Spain, Phone: 34-91-3476008; Fax: 34-91-3476302 [email protected]

Publication date: 2001-05-01

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    Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
    Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

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    June 1, 2016 to Feb. 28, 2017

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