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Hydrologic Modeling of a Drained Pine Plantation on Poorly Drained Soils

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Abstract:

Three experimental watersheds in eastern North Carolina have been continuously monitored since 1988 to study long-term hydrology of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) forests on poorly drained soils. This study was conducted to test the forestry version of an agricultural hydrology model DRAINMOD with 10 yr (1988–1997) of data collected at one of these watersheds under conventional (open ditch) drainage. The model, which is based on hourly water balance for the land between parallel drainage ditches, simulates interception, evapotranspiration (ET) as the sum of canopy transpiration and soil evaporation, drainage, and surface runoff. Results showed that model predictions of daily water table elevations and flow rates on an average annual basis were within 0.15 m and 0.61 mm, respectively, compared to the measured data. Relative errors on drainage outflow varied from -18% to 23%, with an average of 0.4%. Errors in measured flow rates during weir submergence, missing rainfall and weather data, and uncertainty in estimates of stomatal conductance contributed to the differences between model predictions and field observations. It was concluded that the model is a reliable tool for assessing hydrologic impacts of silvicultural and water management treatments, as well as climate changes, on these pine stands. FOR. Sci. 47(1):103–114.

Keywords: DRAINMOD; Loblolly pine; and evapotranspiration; drainage; environmental management; forest; forest management; forest resources; forestry; forestry research; forestry science; natural resource management; natural resources; water table depth

Document Type: Miscellaneous

Affiliations: 1: Research Assistant Professor Biological & Agricultural Engineering Department, North Carolina State University, Box No. 7625 Raleigh, NC, 27695-7625, Phone: 919-515-6741; Fax: 919-515-7760 dmamatya@eos.ncsu.edu 2: W.N.R. and Distinguished University Professor Biological & Agricultural Engineering Department, North Carolina State University, Box No. 7625 Raleigh, NC, 27695-7625, Phone: 919-515-6739 skaggs@eos.ncsu.edu

Publication date: 2001-02-01

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
    Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

    2015 Impact Factor: 1.702
    Ranking: 16 of 66 in forestry

    Average time from submission to first decision: 62.5 days*
    June 1, 2016 to Feb. 28, 2017

    Also published by SAF:
    Journal of Forestry
    Other SAF Publications
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