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Differential Effects of Rhizobacterial Strain and Dose on the Ectomycorrhizal Colonization of Loblolly Pine Seedlings

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Abstract:

Loblolly pine seed were inoculated at sowing with one of four plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) strains at four different rates both in the nursery and in the greenhouse. Seedlings were harvested at 4, 8, and 12 wk after sowing in the greenhouse and at 5, 10, and 15 wk after sowing in the nursery. Ectomycorrhizae colonization, estimated as the total number ectomycorrhizal roots per seedling and averaging by gram root biomass, were not evident on any treatment at either 5 wk in the nursery or 4 wk in the greenhouse. However, by 8 wk after sowing, many treatments significantly (P < 0.0001) inhibited ectomycorrhizal root formation. Generally, increasing the rate of all bacteria applied in the greenhouse decreased ectomycorrhizal root formation. Conversely, strain LS212 at 1011 cfu resulted in an increase in ectomycorrhizal roots in the nursery. Increases in seedling root growth were also dependent on bacterial strain and rate, whereas shoot biomass was not effected. Decreases in ectomycorrhizae colonization accounted for 61% of the variation in increases in root biomass, suggesting high metabolic costs of mycorrhizal maintenance in the presence of some rhizobacteria. However, differences in shoot height and survival after outplanting could not be attributed to the mycorrhizae colonization effect. These studies demonstrate that mycorrhizae may serve as a carbon sink early in seedling development and indicate a complex interaction between soil microflora and bacterium in nursery and greenhouse settings. FOR. SCI. 46(3): 437–441.

Keywords: Bacillus; PGPR; Pinus taeda; environmental management; forest; forest management; forest resources; forestry; forestry research; forestry science; mycorrhizae; natural resource management; natural resources; symbiosis

Document Type: Miscellaneous

Affiliations: Assistant Professor Auburn University School of Forestry, 108 M. White Smith Hall, Auburn, AL, 36849, Phone: (334) 844-1028; Fax: (334) 844-1084 enebak@forestry.auburn.edu

Publication date: 2000-08-01

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
    Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

    2015 Impact Factor: 1.702
    Ranking: 16 of 66 in forestry

    Average time from submission to first decision: 62.5 days*
    June 1, 2016 to Feb. 28, 2017

    Also published by SAF:
    Journal of Forestry
    Other SAF Publications
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