If you are experiencing problems downloading PDF or HTML fulltext, our helpdesk recommend clearing your browser cache and trying again. If you need help in clearing your cache, please click here . Still need help? Email help@ingentaconnect.com

Comparing Adjacency Constraint Formulations for Randomly Generated Forest Planning Problems with Four Age-Class Distributions

$29.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:


Three types of adjacency constraint formulations—pairwise, Type I ND (nondominated), and NOAM (new ordinary adjacency matrix)—were compared on 900 hypothetical, randomly generated, spatially explicit forest management problems with between 50 and 350 stands. Forests were generated using four age-class distributions, nominally called immature, regulated, overmature, and old-growth. Management planning problems with adjacency constraints were formulated for these forests in Model 1 format based on a planning horizon consisting of three 20 yr periods. The problems also included flow constraints and minimum average age requirements for the ending forest. For all age-class distributions, the Type I ND constraint type resulted in significantly lower solution times than either the Pairwise or the NOAM constraint types. NOAM constraints performed better than Pairwise constraints for immature forest problems, but Pairwise constraints performed better than NOAM constraints for overmature and old-growth forest problems. There was no difference between these two constraint types for regulated forest problems. Results also show that the age-class distribution of the forest is one of the most important factors determining the time needed to solve forest management problems with adjacency constraints. In general, the more mature the forest, the harder the problem is to solve. In particular, problems based on the old-growth age-class distribution typically took much longer to solve than comparable problems based on the other age-class distributions. FOR. SCI. 46(3): 423–536.

Keywords: Forest management; area-based forest planning; environmental management; forest; forest management; forest resources; forestry; forestry research; forestry science; harvest scheduling; integer programming; natural resource management; natural resources; spatial optimization

Document Type: Miscellaneous

Affiliations: 1: Assistant Professor of Forest Management School of Forest Resources, The Pennsylvania State University, 214B Ferguson Building, University Park, PA, 16802-4301, Phone: (814) 865-1602; Fax: (814) 865-3725 mem14@psu.edu 2: Project Associate School of Forest Resources, The Pennsylvania State University, jxb73@psu.edu

Publication date: August 1, 2000

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
  • Membership Information
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
Related content



Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more