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Dynamics of Coarse Woody Debris Placed in Three Oregon Streams

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Abstract:

Many streams of the North American west coast are deficient in coarse woody debris (CWD) and have been subjected to aquatic habitat restoration by adding CWD. The ready availability of alder (Alnus rubra Bong.) CWD makes it attractive for such uses, but the dynamics of this relatively small debris are poorly understood. We placed CWD in three third-order streams in western Oregon either as large, key pieces (pulled-over streamside alders or bucked conifer logs) or as smaller logging debris (mostly alder). This treatment immediately increased CWD in the streams by 86% to 155%. We used chronosequences of surveys to evaluate whether the increased loadings of CWD persisted for more than a year, and whether the key pieces trapped smaller debris to create accumulations. Although there was more CWD in all three streams during the 3 yr after treatment than there had been before treatment, rates of movement were high. Aggregation of CWD increased in all three streams for at least 1 yr, and accumulations of CWD associated with key pieces were larger after 3 yr than immediately after treatment. Pulled-over alders were more stable and more effective in forming accumulations than bucked conifers but were subject to rapid decay. For. Sci. 46(1):13-22.

Keywords: Large woody debris; aquatic habitat restoration; logging debris

Document Type: Journal Article

Publication date: 2000-02-01

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
    Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

    2015 Impact Factor: 1.702
    Ranking: 16 of 66 in forestry

    Also published by SAF:
    Journal of Forestry
    Other SAF Publications
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