Nutritional and Sexual Responses of Jack Pine to Ammonium Nitrate and Gibberellins
Abstract:The nutritional and sexual responses of jack pine (Pinus banksiana Lamb.) seed orchard trees to NH4NO3 fertilization and GA4/7 foliar sprays were examined in seedling and grafted orchards at an Ontario location where soils were low N acidic sandy loams and in a Saskatchewan grafted orchard on high N calcareous sandy clay loams. High seed strobilus abortion and low pollen strobilus production and seed yields characterized the Saskatchewan trees. NH4NO3 fertilizer increased soil NH4+ and NO3- at both locations, current-year needle N and Mg in Ontario, Fe in Saskatchewan, and Ca at both locations, seed strobilus initiation and seed yields in Ontario; it decreased K in Saskatchewan. GA4/7 increased needle senescence and current-year needle N and P at both locations, K at Saskatchewan, seed and pollen strobilus initiation in Ontario, seed strobilus initiation and abortion in Saskatchewan, and seed yields per tree in Ontario; it decreased Ca at both locations, Mg at Saskatchewan, and diameter increments the year following treatments in Ontario. NH4NO3 and GA4/7 treatments did not interact for strobilus counts. Sexual expression varied with clones in Saskatchewan but not with families in Ontario. Clones interacted with GA4/7 but not NH4NO3 for seed strobilus initiation. For. Sci. 45(1):136-153.
Document Type: Journal Article
Affiliations: 1514 Edgeclifse Cliff Avenue, Ottawa, Ontario K1Z 8G1
Publication date: 1999-02-01
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