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Leaf Area and Above- and Belowground Growth Responses of Loblolly Pine to Nutrient and Water Additions

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A 2 x 2 nutrient and water factorial experiment with four replications was installed in an 8-yr-old stand of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) growing on an infertile, excessively drained sandy site in Scotland County, North Carolina. After the fourth year of treatment, estimated stem volume increment, total biomass production, and peak leaf area index (LAI) increased 152%, 99%, and 101%, respectively, with fertilization and 25%, 23%, 16%, respectively, with irrigation. Stem volume growth efficiency (growth per unit LAI) increased 21% with fertilization, 9% with irrigation, and 30% with both fertilization and irrigation. Total biomass production efficiency increased 91% with fertilization, 29% with irrigation, and 120% with both fertilization and irrigation. The observed increase in stem volume growth efficiency may have been due, in part, to changes in biomass partitioning. However, altered partitioning patterns alone did not explain the observed increase in total biomass production efficiency. We hypothesized that the change in total biomass production efficiency may have been a result of greater allocation to foliage (photosynthesizing tissue) and less allocation to fine roots (a high maintenance respiration tissue) under fertilization and irrigation treatments. For. Sci. 44(2):317-328.

Keywords: Growth efficiency; biomass partitioning

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: School of Forestry and Wood Products MTU, Houghton, MI 49931

Publication date: 1998-05-01

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
    Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

    2015 Impact Factor: 1.702
    Ranking: 16 of 66 in forestry

    Also published by SAF:
    Journal of Forestry
    Other SAF Publications
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