Interactive Effects of Atmospheric CO2 Enrichment and Soil N on Growth and Ectomycorrhizal Colonization of Ponderosa Pine Seedlings
Interactive effects of elevated atmospheric CO2 and soil N fertility on above- and below-ground development of juvenile ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa Dougl. ex Laws.) were examined. Seedlings were grown from seed in atmospheres containing 700 l l-1, 525 l l-1, or ambient CO2. Medium and high soil N treatments were created by adding sufficient (NH4)2SO4 to the potting mix to increase total N by 100 g g-1 and 200 g g-1, respectively, while unamended mix, which had a total N concentration of approximately 300, g g-1, served as the low N treatment. Three whole-seedling harvests at 4-month intervals permitted assessment of shoot and root growth and ectomycorrhizal formation resulting from inoculation with Pisolithus tinctorius (Pers.) Coker and Couch. After 4 months, CO2 enrichment increased shoot volume and dry weight of seedlings grown in high soil N, but this result was not evident in the other N treatments and did not persist to the second harvest. Root weight, however, increased, and shoot/root ratio decreased as the CO2 concentration increased within all three N treatments at the first harvest. At the second harvest, root weights within the high and intermediate N treatments were lowest in seedlings grown in ambient CO2 and shoot/root ratios decreased as CO2 increased in these two N treatments as well. Although the ectomycorrhizal infection percentage of seedlings grown in 700 l l-1 CO2 was highest among the seedlings grown in high N after 4 months, mycorrhizal colonization was variable overall at the first and second harvests. After 1 yr, the 525 l l-1 CO2 concentration stimulated above- and belowground growth more than the high CO2 atmosphere in both high and medium soil N. These seedlings also had relatively extensive ectomycorrhizal formation, but colonization was again variable. Results presented here suggest the response of juvenile ponderosa pine to CO2 enrichment is ephemeral, with the effects on roots more pronounced and persistent overall than those on shoots, and that the response is dependent on N availability. For Sci. 41(3):491-500.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
Document Type: Journal Article
Affiliations: Assistant Research Professor, Biological Sciences Center, Desert Research Institute
Publication date: 1995-08-01
More about this publication?
- Important Notice: SAF's journals are now published through partnership with the Oxford University Press. Access to archived material will be available here on the Ingenta website until March 31, 2018. For new material, please access the journals via OUP's website. Note that access via Ingenta will be permanently discontinued after March 31, 2018. Members requiring support to access SAF's journals via OUP's site should contact SAF's membership department for assistance.
Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.
2016 Impact Factor: 1.782 (Rank 17/64 in forestry)
Average time from submission to first decision: 62.5 days*
June 1, 2016 to Feb. 28, 2017
Also published by SAF:
Journal of Forestry
Other SAF Publications
- Submit a Paper
- Membership Information
- Author Guidelines
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites