Effects of Light, Nitrogen, and Phosphorus on Red Pine Seedling Growth and Nutrient Use Efficiency

Authors: Elliott, Katherine J.; White, Alan S.

Source: Forest Science, Volume 40, Number 1, 1 February 1994 , pp. 47-58(12)

Publisher: Society of American Foresters

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Abstract:

Growth and nutrient use efficiency were determined for red pine (Pinus resinosa Ait.) seedlings grown at various levels of light, nitrogen, and phosphorus. Nutrient use efficiency was estimated for nitrogen (NUE) and phosphorus (PUE) and was calculated as biomass production divided by total nutrient content. Seedlings grown in high light had four to five times more biomass than those in the low light treatment. Nitrogen supply had a significant effect on total biomass as well as other biomass components. Phosphorus supply did not have a significant effect on any of the biomass components. NUE and PUE decreased with increased supply of N and P, respectively. The results of this study suggest that red pine seedlings can adjust their nutrient use efficiency, particularly for N, when light and nutrient availability are varied. NUE was highest with high light and low N-high P supply in nutrient solutions. For. Sci. 40(1):47-58.

Keywords: Pinus resinosa L; light; nitrogen; nutrient use efficiency; phosphorus

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Department of Forest Biology, College of Forest Resources, University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469

Publication date: February 1, 1994

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
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