Skip to main content

Interference Interactions in Simulated Pine-Hardwood Seedling Stands

Buy Article:

$29.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)


A multiresource factor approach, using biomass allocation patterns and resource-use efficiencies, was employed to investigate interference mechanisms in mixed species tree seedling stands. Seedling mixtures of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) with one of two hardwood tree species, black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) or red maple (Acer rubrum L.), were grown together at close spacing under well-watered and water-stressed conditions in a greenhouse. Pure stands of each species were included as controls. Greatest biomass growth increment was observed in pure hardwood stands, while pure pine stands had the lowest increments. Interference in mixed stands was highly one-sided, with hardwoods suppressing pine growth. Mechanisms or attributes accounting for interference outcomes included higher relative growth rates, increased below-ground allocation of photosynthate, effective display of foliage, and higher resource-use efficiencies of hardwood species. Interference strategies differed for hardwood species. Black locust could be classified as an uptake specialist with a high relative growth rate and a low root:shoot ratio. Red maple was a resource-use specialist, exhibiting high internal resource-use efficiencies for light, soil moisture, and nitrogen. FOR. SCI. 39(2):383-395.

Keywords: Competition; black locust; loblolly pine; red maple; resource-use efficiency; water stress

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Department of Forestry, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061

Publication date: 1993-05-01

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
    Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

    2015 Impact Factor: 1.702
    Ranking: 16 of 66 in forestry

    Also published by SAF:
    Journal of Forestry
    Other SAF Publications
  • Submit a Paper
  • Membership Information
  • Author Guidelines
  • Podcasts
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free ContentFree content
  • Partial Free ContentPartial Free content
  • New ContentNew content
  • Open Access ContentOpen access content
  • Partial Open Access ContentPartial Open access content
  • Subscribed ContentSubscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed ContentPartial Subscribed content
  • Free Trial ContentFree trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more