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Comparing Vertical and Horizontal Modes of Importance and Control-Variate Sampling for Bole Volume

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Vertical and horizontal modes of both importance and control-variate sampling for estimating merchantable and total volumes of boles are described and compared. In the horizontal mode, heights are selected at random, and cross-sectional areas are measured. In the vertical mode, cross-sectional areas are selected at random and heights are measured. Estimates obtained by horizontal and vertical control-variate sampling (also known as the critical height method) were equally precise in tests using a proxy taper equation that was linear in cross-sectional area versus height. Both methods gave more precise estimates than did horizontal importance sampling, though the advantage was small for merchantable volume. The performance of vertical importance sampling varied with bole shape. It was the most precise method for some shapes, the least for others. For Sci. 38(1):160-172.

Keywords: Critical height method; log volume; merchantable volume; probability

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Associate Professor of Forest Biometrics, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA

Publication date: February 1, 1992

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
    Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

    2015 Impact Factor: 1.702
    Ranking: 16 of 66 in forestry

    Also published by SAF:
    Journal of Forestry
    Other SAF Publications
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