Allozyme Variation of Port-Orford-Cedar (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana): Implications for Genetic Conservation

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Abstract:

Variation at 32 allozyme loci in nine disjunct populations of Port-Orford-cedar (POC) from the California floristic region was measured to estimate the amount and pattern of genetic variability in natural stands. Variation in electrophoretically detectable loci was moderately high, with mean number of alleles per locus = 1.9, 64.9% polymorphic loci, and observed heterozygosity = 0.13. Diversity was highest in the seven populations from the coastal mountains and lowest in the two populations from the inland portion of POC's distribution. The Sacramento River population in the inland group had only 44% polymorphic loci, and observed heterozygosity equaled 0.05. Populations in the inland region were allozymically distinct from those in the coastal region as well as from each other. Mean genetic distances among the coastal populations were 0.005 compared to 0.016 between the inland and coastal groups and 0.013 between inland populations. Population variation accounted for 5% of the total allozyme diversity. Genetic conservation efforts for POC in California are evaluated. In situ areas are already being established in some genetically important localities, although many gaps remain; ex situ coverage is inadequate. For. Sci. 37(4):1060-1077.

Keywords: Phytophthora lateralis; genetic diversity; isozymes

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Biologist, Institute of Forest Genetics, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, P.O. Box 245, Berkeley, CA 94701

Publication date: September 1, 1991

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