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Effects of Time and Frequency of Cutting on Hardwood Root Reserves and Sprout Growth

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We examined the effects of time and frequency of cutting during the growing season on fall root starch reserves and sprout production in saplings of four hardwood tree species--red maple, gray birch, white ash, and black cherry. For all species, there was a well-defined window of time during the growing season when cutting resulted in low levels of starch in roots at the end of the growing season, and subsequent low sprout growth rates the following year. Cutting at the very beginning or the very end of the growing season resulted in the highest levels of fall root reserves and sprout production. The duration of the window varied for each species and was closely related to the phenology of aboveground growth. The species with a determinant shoot growth pattern had the shortest window (white ash), while the two species with the most indeterminant shoot growth pattern had the longest windows (red maple, gray birch). For. Sci. 37(2):524-539.

Keywords: Acer rubrum; Betula populifolia; Fraxinus americana; Prunus serotina; sprouting; starch reserves

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Assistant Scientist with the Institute of Ecosystem Studies, The New York Botanical Garden, Mary Flagler Cary Arboretum, Box AB, Millbrook, NY 12545

Publication date: 1991-06-01

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
    Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

    2015 Impact Factor: 1.702
    Ranking: 16 of 66 in forestry

    Also published by SAF:
    Journal of Forestry
    Other SAF Publications
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