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Growth-Competition Relationships in Young Hardwood Stands on Two Contrasting Sites in Southwestern Wisconsin

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Crown-based competition measures were used to assess the relationships between growth and competition for trees in young mixed-hardwood stands on two ecosystems with contrasting site conditions. The two southwestern Wisconsin ecosystems compared were gently sloping summits with deep loessal soils and steeply sloping southwesterly backslopes with loam soils. Individual trees were sampled from variable-radius plots located in 15 stands of 4 to 42 years old. The two best predictors of height growth are the height of a tree relative to the average height of dominants and codominants, and the cross-sectional area of the exposed portion of the crown at its widest point. The data confirmed theoretical relationships between growth and light intensity for species of differing shade tolerance. However, growth rates as a function of relative height did not approach an asymptote for any species, while growth response to increasing exposed crown area was asymptotic for the tolerant species. Species' relationships differed between the two ecosystems, with maximum height growth rates being lower on the drier site. Acer saccharum was the most efficient species (highest basal area growth rate) at the higher values of exposed crown area, but larger total crown size for sugar maple was a contributing factor in such cases. For. Sci. 36(4):1032-1049.
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Keywords: Shade tolerance; early stand development; growth efficiency

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Professor, Department of Forestry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706

Publication date: 1990-12-01

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
    Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

    2016 Impact Factor: 1.782 (Rank 17/64 in forestry)

    Average time from submission to first decision: 62.5 days*
    June 1, 2016 to Feb. 28, 2017

    Also published by SAF:
    Journal of Forestry
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