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A Shelterwood Method for Regenerating Red Oak in the Southern Appalachians

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A shelterwood method is described that provides stand conditions that enhance the growth of established red oak advance reproduction, thereby improving the chances of maintaining an oak component in the next stand. Stocking of a mature, fully stocked stand is reduced to 60%, 65%, and 70% of initial stand basal area where oak site index is 70, 80, and 90 ft, respectively. The basal area reduction is accomplished from below using herbicides, leaving the main canopy essentially intact. This level and method of treatment prevents yellow-poplar, a primary competitor of red oak, from becoming established and growing prior to the final removal cut, and it eliminates most sprout competition from shade-tolerant subcanopy species after the final removal cut. The final removal cut can be made approximately 10 years after the initial treatment. For. Sci. 36(4):917-929.

Keywords: Regeneration; prescribed fire

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Research Forester, USDA Forest Service, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station, Asheville, NC 28806

Publication date: December 1, 1990

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
    Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

    Also published by SAF:
    Journal of Forestry
    Other SAF Publications
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