Glyphosate Translocation and Efficacy Relationships in Red Maple, Sweetgum, and Loblolly Pine Seedlings
Glyphosate herbicide was applied to red maple, sweetgum, and loblolly pine seedlings at the end of the second growing season to evaluate the effects of application timing and water stress on glyphosate absorption, translocation, and efficacy. Although there was no difference in 14C-glyphosate absorption among species, sweetgum translocated significantly more herbicide to the roots and stem below the treated leaf than red maple and loblolly pine. These differences may explain, in part, the variability among species in susceptibility to glyphosate. Application timing and water stress had an interacting effect on red maple and loblolly pine efficacy. Increasing water stress resulted in decreased efficacy in August, but had no consistent effect in September and October, possibly due to physiological changes associated with the development of fall dormancy. Glyphosate was most phytotoxic to sweetgum, followed by loblolly pine and red maple, which corresponds to results observed in commercial pine release applications. For. Sci. 36(2):438-447.
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Document Type: Journal Article
Affiliations: Research Associate, Dept. of Forestry, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061
Publication date: 1990-06-01
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