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Spectral Characteristics of Tree Components of Balsam Fir and Spruce Damaged by Spruce Budworm

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Spectral reflectances from 360 to 1100 nm at 5 nm intervals in 6 nm bands were measured with a laboratory spectrometer for samples of the components of balsam fir and white spruce trees defoliated by the spruce budworm. These components included current-year needles, 1-year-old needles, 2-year and older needles, budworm feeding debris, twigs, bark, and lichen. Current-year needles had significantly higher reflectances than older needles in the green and yellow parts of the spectrum. Feeding debris, which is visually red, had a smooth spectral curve of increasing reflectance with wavelength. The greatest difference between needles and feeding debris was in the short near-infrared wavelengths and at the chlorophyll absorption maximum near 670 nm. The reflectance of twigs and bark changed with age and exposure to weathering. Variability in their reflectance was large. There were no distinct narrow band features of twig or feeding debris reflectance, which would be characteristic of defoliation. Lichen is highly reflective, and its presence on branches of defoliated trees will greatly alter branch reflectance characteristics. Changes in spectral reflectance of trees throughout the various stages of a spruce budworm outbreak depend on a complex interrelationship of the reflectances of individual components which, in turn, are complex and changing. For. Sci. 35(2):582-600.
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Keywords: Spectral reflectance; damage assessment; remote sensing

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Intera Technologies Ltd., 2464 Sheffield Road, Ottawa Ontario K1A 0Y7

Publication date: 1989-06-01

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  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
    Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

    2016 Impact Factor: 1.782 (Rank 17/64 in forestry)

    Average time from submission to first decision: 62.5 days*
    June 1, 2016 to Feb. 28, 2017

    Also published by SAF:
    Journal of Forestry
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