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The Ratio of Shoot Silhouette Area to Total Needle Area in Scots Pine

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The dependence of light interception efficiency on shoot structure was studied. The silhouette areas of 258 Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) shoots inclined at different angles were measured, and the corresponding silhouette area to total needle area ratios (STAR) were determined. For each shoot, a mean silhouette to total needle area ratio (STAR) with respect to a spherical shoot orientation was calculated. STAR varied between 0.09 and 0.21 and averaged 0.14. For spherically oriented individual needles or leaves, the corresponding mean projection of unit foliage area is 0.25. Thus, the light interception efficiency of the shoots as indicated by STAR-values was on average reduced by 43% because of mutual shading of needles on the shoots. The silhouette areas and STAR-values were also calculated theoretically using a previous model of shoot geometry, and these values were compared to the empirical measurements. For. Sci. 34(4):894-906.
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Keywords: Pinus sylvestris; Shoot structure; extinction coefficient; light interception efficiency

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: The Finnish Forest Research Institute, Suonenjoki Research Station, 77600 Suonenjoki, Finland

Publication date: 1988-12-01

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
    Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

    2016 Impact Factor: 1.782 (Rank 17/64 in forestry)

    Average time from submission to first decision: 62.5 days*
    June 1, 2016 to Feb. 28, 2017

    Also published by SAF:
    Journal of Forestry
    Other SAF Publications
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