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Notes: Use and Characteristics of Snags in Young and Old Forest Stands in Southwest Virginia

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Snags were sampled in chestnut oak (Quercus prinus) and oak-hickory (Quercus spp.--Carya spp.) stands in southwest Virginia. More large (≥17 cm dbh) snags were found in stands ≥100 years of age and more small (≤10 cm dbh) snags were found in stands <80 years of age, than expected under the model of equal distribution among age classes (² = 25.3, df = 6, P = 0.0003). Log-linear models suggested that large diameter snags are more likely to be used by foraging birds than smaller snags. Tall snags were also used more than short ones, but 4-way log-linear models suggested that this was a result of a positive dbh-height relationship, rather than a reflection of bird selection of tall snags. Similarly, cavities were found more often than expected in large dbh trees. For. Sci. 34(1):224-228.
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Keywords: Appalachians; cavity nesting birds; forest management; old growth; woodpecker

Document Type: Miscellaneous

Affiliations: Assistant Professor of Wildlife Science, School of Forestry and Wildlife Resources, VPI & SU, Blacksburg, VA 24061

Publication date: 1988-03-01

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
    Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

    2016 Impact Factor: 1.782 (Rank 17/64 in forestry)

    Average time from submission to first decision: 62.5 days*
    June 1, 2016 to Feb. 28, 2017

    Also published by SAF:
    Journal of Forestry
    Other SAF Publications
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