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United States Demand for Hardwood Plywood Imports by Country of Origin

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Empirical models were obtained for the United States demand for hardwood plywood imports from Korea, Taiwan, Japan, The Philippines, and the rest of the world. The models rested on the assumption that imports from different countries are not perfect substitutes and that there exists a constant elasticity of substitution (CES) index of total imports. An elasticity of substitution of 1.74 (±0.22) was estimated using data for the period January 1974 to December 1979. A model of the aggregate demand for imports was estimated, leading to a price elasticity of -2.20 (±0.22). Own-price and cross-price elasticities were then obtained from the elasticity of substitution, the share of each country in the United States market, and the elasticity of total imports with respect to price. Own-price elasticities ranged from - 1.95 for Korea to -1.77 for The Philippines. Own-price and cross-price elasticities were decomposed into a market expansion effect, measuring the impact of the rise in price of a particular country on total United States hardwood plywood imports, and a substitution effect measuring the price-induced substitution of imports from one country by those from other countries. Forest Sci. 29:225-237.

Keywords: International trade; elasticities; forest products

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Associate Professor, Department of Forestry, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706

Publication date: June 1, 1983

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  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
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