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Differential Scanning Calorimetry of Forest Fuels

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Abstract:

Previous investigations for developing fire spread models in wildland forest fuels have not adequately assessed the heat-sink characteristics of the different fuels. This research uses differential scanning calorimetry to determine the total heat required to change the temperature of a sample of forest fuel from 25° to 500°C. The incremental heat input is recorded for 10°C increments. Thermogravimetric analysis data are given for equivalent samples. Significant differences are noted between major fuels in the total heat required at 500°C. Generally, the heat required for pyrolysis of these fuels is as important as that for evaporating moisture from the fuel. Forest Sci. 28:839-851.

Keywords: Pyrolysis; charring; flammability; specific heat; thermogravimetric analysis

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Research chemist, the Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, USDA Forest Service, Ogden, Utah 84401

Publication date: December 1, 1982

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
    Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

    2015 Impact Factor: 1.702
    Ranking: 16 of 66 in forestry

    Also published by SAF:
    Journal of Forestry
    Other SAF Publications
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