Skip to main content

Dynamic Programming for Optimization of Timber Production and Grazing in Ponderosa Pine

Buy Article:

$29.50 plus tax (Refund Policy)


Dynamic programming procedures are presented for optimizing thinning and rotation of even-aged ponderosa pine by using the four descriptors: age, basal area, number of trees, and time since thinning. Because both timber yield and grazing yield are functions of stand density, the two outputs--forage and timber--can both be optimized. The soil expectation values for single and joint production are derived and compared, and the impact of dynamic changes in relative price of the two products over the rotation is shown. Depending on relative prices and discount rate, the maximum soil expectations will be provided by timber alone, grazing alone, or an optimal schedule of joint production. Impacts of relative costs and values of the two outputs on management are discussed. Forest Sci. 28:517-526.

Keywords: Pinus ponderosa; forest-range management; multiple products; operations research; resource economics; thinning

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Assistant Professor, Department of Forest Management, School of Forestry, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331

Publication date: 1982-09-01

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
    Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

    2015 Impact Factor: 1.702
    Ranking: 16 of 66 in forestry

    Average time from submission to first decision: 62.5 days*
    June 1, 2016 to Feb. 28, 2017

    Also published by SAF:
    Journal of Forestry
    Other SAF Publications
  • Submit a Paper
  • Membership Information
  • Author Guidelines
  • Podcasts
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more