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Growth Responses of White Fir to Decreased Shading and Root Competition by Montane Chaparral Shrubs

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Treatments were established on two sites in the northern Sierra Nevada Mountains of California to study the effects of shrub shading and soil moisture competition on survival and growth of understory white fir saplings. Levels of shrub control ranged from 0 to 95 percent and white fir sapling survival ranged from 56 to 100 percent depending on the site and the experimental treatment. Soil moisture availability was the primary factor which limited white fir growth on both sites. Treatments in which both soil moisture was increased and shade was provided yielded 200 percent increase in white fir leader growth after 4 years. On one site, growth increased 140 to 160 percent when soil moisture was increased but no shade was provided. Significant changes in frequency distribution patterns of height growth were also observed in released white fir populations. The results of these experiments suggest that large (80 percent) reductions in shrub cover may be necessary to achieve release of white fir from overstory shrub competition. Forest Sci. 28:309-320.
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Keywords: 2,4-D; Abies concolor; Arctostaphylos patula; Ceanothus velutinus; Tree release; brush control; glyphosate

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Associate Professor, Department of Botany, University of California, Davis, CA 95616

Publication date: 1982-06-01

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
    Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

    2016 Impact Factor: 1.782 (Rank 17/64 in forestry)

    Average time from submission to first decision: 62.5 days*
    June 1, 2016 to Feb. 28, 2017

    Also published by SAF:
    Journal of Forestry
    Other SAF Publications
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