Technical Change and Productivity Growth in the Lumber and Wood Products Industry
Technical change in the U.S. lumber and wood products industry over a 23-year period was analyzed in order to determine the extent of labor-saving or capital-saving bias. Technical change in the industry was found to exhibit a labor-saving bias that resulted in a doubling of labor's productive efficiency while capital's productive efficiency declined. The decline in capital's efficiency was attributed, in part, to underutilization of capacity. Technical change accounted for most of the growth in productivity in the industry. The elasticity of factor substitution was revealed to be approximately 0.14 and labor was shown to have received the larger share of income throughout the period. Forest Sci. 28:135-147.
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Document Type: Journal Article
Affiliations: Professor of Forest Economics and Policy, College of Agriculture and Forestry, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506
Publication date: 1982-03-01
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- Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
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