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Effects of User Behavior on the Perception of Crowding in Backcountry Forest Recreation

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The behavior of other users was related to the perception of crowding at the Sylvania Recreation Area in the Ottawa National Forest in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. Perceived density and being bothered by other users' behavior interact to influence the perceptions of crowding. Implications for management might include "behavioral zoning" and silvicultural management strategies which will reduced conflict among users with differing behavioral norms. Forest Sci. 28:95-105.
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Keywords: Perceived density; behavioral norms; behavioral zoning; carrying capacity; crowding; interaction effects; recreational silviculture

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Assistant Professor, in outdoor recreation and natural resource sociology, School of Natural Resources, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

Publication date: 1982-03-01

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
    Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

    2016 Impact Factor: 1.782 (Rank 17/64 in forestry)

    Average time from submission to first decision: 62.5 days*
    June 1, 2016 to Feb. 28, 2017

    Also published by SAF:
    Journal of Forestry
    Other SAF Publications
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