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Nutrient Translocation in the Outer Canopy and Understory of an Eastern Deciduous Forest

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The translocation of nutrients into and out of outer canopy leaves of ten eastern deciduous forest species was calculated from the temporal patterns of foliar nutrient pools sampled through a growing season. The calculations accounted for average chemical leaching effects due to rainfall. There were no significant differences in translocation rate between species within the evergreen, understory, or overstory-deciduous tree groups. Evergreen species had lower translocation rates than deciduous trees. Translocation rates into leaves of deciduous species showed a very rapid increase during spring; however, by late May, foliar phosphorus was being translocated at a slow rate back to stems. A similar trend was established for nitrogen by mid-June. An internal storage pool is suggested as the major source of foliar nitrogen during the spring flush since a simulation of nitrogen uptake from soil could only account for one-fourth of the quantity of nitrogen transported to leaves by the end of May. Simulation further showed that trace levels of soluble nitrogen (0.01 ppm) in soil were sufficient to supply a deciduous forest with an estimated nitrogen uptake of 100 kg N ha-1 year-1. Forest Sci. 27:505-518.
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Keywords: Nitrogen; calcium; computer simulation; diffusion; internal storage; leaching; magnesium; mass flow; phosphorus; potassium; sodium

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37830

Publication date: 1981-09-01

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
    Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

    2016 Impact Factor: 1.782 (Rank 17/64 in forestry)

    Average time from submission to first decision: 62.5 days*
    June 1, 2016 to Feb. 28, 2017

    Also published by SAF:
    Journal of Forestry
    Other SAF Publications
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