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The Relationship of Leaf Area and Foliage Biomass to Sapwood Conducting Area in Four Subalpine Forest Tree Species

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Leaf dry weight and area were strongly correlated with sapwood area measured at 1.37 m, but leaf area per unit sapwood area varied widely among species: 1.88 m²·cm-2 for subalpine fir, 0.72 for Engelmann spruce, 0.44 for lodgepole pine, and 0.19 for aspen. The leaf area: sapwood area relationship was nearly constant for different portions of the crown, although the relationship was erratic in subalpine fir. Thus the upper portion of a larger tree has the same leaf area: sapwood area ratio as the entire crown of a smaller tree. This supports the hypothesis that a physiological balance exists between conducting tissue and the water requirements of the shoot. Forest Sci. 27:477-482.

Keywords: Abies lasiocarpa; Picea engelmannii; Pinus contorta; Populus tremuloides

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Principal Hydrologist, USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, 240 W. Prospect St., Fort Collins, CO 80526

Publication date: 1981-09-01

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
    Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

    2015 Impact Factor: 1.702
    Ranking: 16 of 66 in forestry

    Average time from submission to first decision: 62.5 days*
    June 1, 2016 to Feb. 28, 2017

    Also published by SAF:
    Journal of Forestry
    Other SAF Publications
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