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Response of Vesicular-Arbuscular Endomycorrhizal Sweetgum Seedlings to Three Nitrogen Fertilizers

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Abstract:

Sweetgum seedlings were grown outdoors in pots filled with fumigated soil, were inoculated with the endomycorrhizal fungus Glomus etunicatus, and were treated with fertilizers to determine growth response to different sources and levels of nitrogen. Ammonium sulfate, ammonium nitrate, and potassium nitrate were applied eight times during the growing season, at seasonal rates equivalent to 0, 140, 280, 560, 1,120, or 2,240 kg N/hectare. Application of 560 kg N/ha as ammonium sulfate or ammonium nitrate produced seedlings with greatest mean heights, diameters, and top weights. The 280 and 560 kg N/ha treatments of each N source produced the greatest percentages of mycorrhizal roots and highest intensities of infection per infected root segment. Mycorrhizal development was maximum in treatments that produced maximum growth. Ammonium nitrate was considered superior to ammonium sulfate because of a lesser tendency of the former to acidify the soil. Forest Sci. 27:413-420.

Keywords: Glomus etunicatus; Liquidambar styraciflua; VA endomycorrhizae

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Principal Silviculturist, Institute of Mycorrhizal Research and Development, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station, Athens, Georgia 30602

Publication date: June 1, 1981

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