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Response of Vesicular-Arbuscular Endomycorrhizal Sweetgum Seedlings to Three Nitrogen Fertilizers

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Sweetgum seedlings were grown outdoors in pots filled with fumigated soil, were inoculated with the endomycorrhizal fungus Glomus etunicatus, and were treated with fertilizers to determine growth response to different sources and levels of nitrogen. Ammonium sulfate, ammonium nitrate, and potassium nitrate were applied eight times during the growing season, at seasonal rates equivalent to 0, 140, 280, 560, 1,120, or 2,240 kg N/hectare. Application of 560 kg N/ha as ammonium sulfate or ammonium nitrate produced seedlings with greatest mean heights, diameters, and top weights. The 280 and 560 kg N/ha treatments of each N source produced the greatest percentages of mycorrhizal roots and highest intensities of infection per infected root segment. Mycorrhizal development was maximum in treatments that produced maximum growth. Ammonium nitrate was considered superior to ammonium sulfate because of a lesser tendency of the former to acidify the soil. Forest Sci. 27:413-420.
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Keywords: Glomus etunicatus; Liquidambar styraciflua; VA endomycorrhizae

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Principal Silviculturist, Institute of Mycorrhizal Research and Development, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station, Athens, Georgia 30602

Publication date: 1981-06-01

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
    Forest Science is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December.

    2016 Impact Factor: 1.782 (Rank 17/64 in forestry)

    Average time from submission to first decision: 62.5 days*
    June 1, 2016 to Feb. 28, 2017

    Also published by SAF:
    Journal of Forestry
    Other SAF Publications
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