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Notes: Litter Removal Impairs Growth of Direct-Seeded Norway Spruce

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Physically removing litter prior to direct seeding of Norway spruce on the site of a former 35-year-old red pine plantation altered nutrient conditions to the detriment of tree growth. Tree heights, shoot lengths, and shoot weights were significantly affected by litter removal. Foliar analyses revealed deficiencies for N and P. Results have implications relative to site preparation treatments. Forest Sci. 25:244-246.

Keywords: Picea abies; foliar analyses; nutrient deficiency; site preparation

Document Type: Miscellaneous

Affiliations: Technical Research Assistant, State University of New York

Publication date: June 1, 1979

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