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Stem Dimensional Fluctuations in Douglas-fir of Different Crown Classes

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The influence of selected environmental factors and twig xylem pressure potentials on variations in stem basal area was examined under field conditions in Pseudotsuga menziesii of four crown classes. Progressive seasonal contractions in basal area indicated a gradual dehydration of living tissues near the cambium because daily water losses exceeded uptake. Thus, seasonal contractions were closely correlated with base (i.e., presunrise) twig xylem pressure potentials and soil moisture content. In contrast, stem shrinkage occurring during a particular day was more closely related to factors indicating the amount of daily water loss. Such diurnal contractions were greatest about 3 weeks prior to the end of the summer drought, when there was a coincidence of relatively well-hydrated internal tissues, low soil moisture contents, and high daily transpiration rates partially due to the lack of major stomatal control of afternoon water losses. Greater seasonal and diurnal contractions were generally associated with larger stem sections due to their relatively larger water storage areas. However, stem proximity to the transpiring crown and cambial growth rate often complicated this relationship. Forest Sci. 25:132-144.

Keywords: Pseudotsuga menziesii; basal area; cambial growth; stem shrinkage; water potential; water storage; xylem pressure potential

Document Type: Journal Article

Affiliations: Assistant Professor, Department of Natural Resources, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853

Publication date: March 1, 1979

More about this publication?
  • Forest Science is a peer-reviewed journal publishing fundamental and applied research that explores all aspects of natural and social sciences as they apply to the function and management of the forested ecosystems of the world. Topics include silviculture, forest management, biometrics, economics, entomology & pathology, fire & fuels management, forest ecology, genetics & tree improvement, geospatial technologies, harvesting & utilization, landscape ecology, operations research, forest policy, physiology, recreation, social sciences, soils & hydrology, and wildlife management.
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